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  • Patient should be prepared by an overnight fast, or with 4 hours of minimum fast.
  • HIDA actively transported into hepatocytes and excreted into bile unconjugated


Pre-emptying with CCK-8 is probably undesirable and should either be avoided or one should wait for at least 4 hours after CCK. When the gallbladder is observed in a clinical setting of biliary pain or chronic calculous or acalculous cholecystitis, CCK-8 at a dose rate of 3.3 ng/kg/min is infused intravenously for 3 mins (10 ng/kg/3 min) for the measurement of the ejection fraction. An ejection fraction value of less than 35% is indicative of calculous or acalculous chronic cholecystitis.


When the gallbladder is not observed by 60 mins in a clinical setting of acute cholecystitis, a dose of 0.04 mg/kg of morphine is administered intravenously and imaging continued for an additional 30 mins. Nonvisualization of the gallbladder by 90 mins with morphine in an appropriate clinical setting is diagnostic for acute cholecystitis. When the gallbladder is not observed by 60 min but is seen with morphine administered after 60 mins, a positive diagnosis of abnormal gallbladder function can be made.